CPU bound, sometimes referred to as compute-bound, is a term used to describe applications and processes that rely heavily on the processing power of a central processing unit (CPU). These applications require the CPU to perform intense calculations quickly in order to function properly. Examples of CPU-bound tasks include gaming, video editing, computer graphics rendering, and artificial intelligence (AI) computing. The main challenge with CPU-bound tasks is that they can be time consuming and resource intensive. Improving performance for these types of tasks requires investment in more powerful CPUs or specialized hardware accelerators. However, optimizing software code can help to optimize the efficiency of CPU-bound tasks.  

By contrast, applications and processes that are not heavily reliant on the CPU are known as I/O bound or disk-bound. Applications such as web browsing, file transfers, and server requests generally fall into this category; they require a certain amount of input/output (I/O) but not intense processing power. Optimizing these types of tasks requires improvements in data storage and retrieval processes. For example, using faster memory chips or larger caches can improve I/O performance. In addition, utilizing cloud computing resources for I/O bound tasks can help to speed up execution times without increasing hardware costs. 

The Cerebras CPU is a specialized processor designed to optimize CPU-bound tasks, providing an alternative option for those looking to improve their computing performance.  

Cerebras CPU can lead to even greater improvements in processing power and efficiency. Ultimately, these advancements in technology will continue to expand our capabilities for handling complex computations and large datasets. 

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